South African investigators are seeking to recover more than 400 million rand (US$23 million) from German software firm SAP for two government contracts they allege were entered into unlawfully, court documents seen by Reuters show.
Although the amount of money sought is small for a company with a market value of around 162 billion euros, the move by the authorities is another headache for SAP, which in 2018 admitted to misconduct over deals with South African state firms during former president Jacob Zuma's tenure.
SAP, a major global business software company, had said it was reviewing all its public sector deals in South Africa dating back to 2010, but it has not publicly flagged wrongdoing over the agreements in 2015 and 2016 with the Department of Water and Sanitation.
Investigators say those contracts should be declared invalid because government regulations were contravened, according to the court papers, reported here for the first time.
SAP did not comment on the specific allegations. In a statement, the company said: "SAP continues to cooperate with South African authorities/law enforcement and remains committed to the highest standards of business ethics."
"Our policy is, and always will be, to carry out all company activities in accordance with the letter and spirit of applicable laws."
The Special Investigating Unit (SIU), which is investigating the contracts, said that evidence pointing to contravention of regulations by water ministry officials had been referred to prosecutors.
The SIU has been probing SAP's work for the water ministry for roughly two years, after President Cyril Ramaphosa authorised inquiries into possible procurement irregularities and corruption.
Recovering public funds
In court papers filed late last week, the SIU asked the Special Tribunal, a court Ramaphosa established to fast-track recovery of misspent or stolen public money, to order SAP to reimburse roughly 128 million rand for the 2015 agreement and 285 million rand for the 2016 agreement, plus interest.
In its review, included in the court documents, the SIU found the water ministry's 2015 contract with SAP was concluded despite the ministry still having a year left to run on an existing agreement with the German company. For the 2016 contract, the SIU cited a senior technology official as saying neither the ministry nor its entities had received services from SAP despite the 285 million rand paid.
A SIU principal forensic lawyer said in an affidavit that investigators were still probing possible corruption related to SAP's work for the water ministry. But he said they had decided to launch civil proceedings in the Special Tribunal now because taxpayer money was at stake.
The acting director-general of the water ministry said in an affidavit that a high turnover of directors-general since 2016 meant "the obvious illegality related to the conclusion of the SAP contracts" was not addressed sooner.
A ministry spokesman declined further comment.
In March 2018, SAP admitted to paying more than US$9 million to intermediary companies linked to the Guptas, a family at the centre of a political corruption scandal in South Africa, in relation to software deals with state power utility Eskom and state logistics firm Transnet.
The SIU said it was also investigating SAP contracts at Eskom and Transnet. The companies did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The Guptas, close friends of former president Jacob Zuma, have denied corruption allegations but their relationship to the former president is one of the main areas of focus of a state corruption inquiry that began after Ramaphosa succeeded Zuma in February 2018.
Zuma also denies involvement in any corruption.
Ramaphosa has staked his reputation on cleaning up public life in South Africa but a spate of tender scandals during the coronavirus crisis has made some analysts question whether much progress has been made.
The COVID-19 pandemic has poleaxed an already weak economy and set the stage for a record budget deficit in the post-apartheid era.
This week the SIU and Eskom took steps to try to recoup 3.8 billion rand they allege was diverted from the utility by former Eskom executives and the Guptas.
The Guptas have denied unduly winning contracts with government entities, including Eskom, during Zuma's time in office.
(Additional reporting by Douglas Busvine in Berlin; Editing by Olivia Kumwenda-Mtambo and Carmel Crimmins)