Menu
Up against laws of physics, Bell Labs pushes network performance

Up against laws of physics, Bell Labs pushes network performance

The organization is working on a new type of cellular base station that generates its own power

Bell Labs' President Marcus Weldon sees future capacity improvements for copper, fiber and cellular networks.

Bell Labs' President Marcus Weldon sees future capacity improvements for copper, fiber and cellular networks.

By using more spectrum and developing new ways to send multiple channels of data at the same time, researchers at Bell Labs are working to increase bandwidths over fiber, copper and the air.

Alcatel-Lucent's Bell Labs celebrated its Nobel Laureates and gave a sneak peek at some of the projects that are part of its vision for networks in 2020 at an event on Wednesday.

Because most network technologies have hit or are very close to the limit of what can be transferred over one channel, increasing speeds is getting more complicated. But Bell Labs President Marcus Weldon is convinced there is still room for major improvements.

Part of Bell Labs' plan for 5G is a pint-sized base station, or small cell, that can generate its own power by using solar energy or energy harvesting. The power consumption of current equipment has to come down for this to work, according to Weldon.

The base stations will be connected to the rest of the network without wires using massive MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output). MIMO uses multiple antennas at the same time to increase wireless speeds. The massive part comes from the use of 64 antennas that together create 16 beams to connect the base stations.

Bell Labs demoed a working prototype on Wednesday, but the unit is still not as small as Weldon wants.

"We are ironing out all the kinks and proof-of-concept shows it should be possible," he said.

Bell Labs has also developed a prototype air interface for 5G, called universal filtered OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing).

The air interface sends and receives data in a mobile network, and the technology Bell Labs is working on promises to be more efficient what current 4G networks use. The base stations won't have to talk as much with connected devices, and vice versa. The reward is better battery life and networks that can handle more devices, which will help regular smartphone users and make the Internet of Things more viable.

The arrival of 5G will have repercussions on other parts of operator networks that have to keep up.

Copper probably isn't the first thing that comes to mind when talking about networks of the future. But it still has role to play alongside fiber, according to Weldon.

Operators such as British BT and Telekom Austria are backing G.fast, a new technology that increases broadband over telephone wires to hundreds of megabits per second using more spectrum and advanced measures for getting rid of interference. Building on the advancements in G.fast, Bell Labs can transmit speeds at up 10Gbps. For now, though, it only works over about 30 meters.

Even if copper is far from endangered, fiber will grow increasingly important. Here Bell Labs is working on optical networking technologies that can take advantage of fibers with multiple cores and send 1Tbps of data over each. Just like the cores on processors can handle different tasks, different traffic can be sent down the fiber cores.

However, getting that much data onto one of the cores is very difficult. And squeezing many cores into a fiber can result in interference that has to be removed. Just like the network equipment, the fiber are still being developed. Figuring all this out, and doing it economically, will be as big a challenge as anything previously developed.

"As usual in physics, you don't get something for nothing," said Weldon.

Send news tips and comments to mikael_ricknas@idg.com


Follow Us

Join the newsletter!

Or

Sign up to gain exclusive access to email subscriptions, event invitations, competitions, giveaways, and much more.

Membership is free, and your security and privacy remain protected. View our privacy policy before signing up.

Error: Please check your email address.

Tags telecommunicationalcatel-lucentCarriers

Featured

Slideshows

The making of an MSSP: a blueprint for growth in NZ

The making of an MSSP: a blueprint for growth in NZ

Partners are actively building out security practices and services to match, yet remain challenged by a lack of guidance in the market. This exclusive Reseller News Roundtable - in association with Sophos - assessed the making of an MSSP, outlining the blueprint for growth and how partners can differentiate in New Zealand.

The making of an MSSP: a blueprint for growth in NZ
Reseller News Platinum Club celebrates leading partners in 2018

Reseller News Platinum Club celebrates leading partners in 2018

The leading players of the New Zealand channel came together to celebrate a year of achievement at the inaugural Reseller News Platinum Club lunch in Auckland. Following the Reseller News Innovation Awards, Platinum Club provides a platform to showcase the top performing partners and start-ups of the past 12 months, with more than ​​50 organisations in the spotlight.​​​

Reseller News Platinum Club celebrates leading partners in 2018
Meet the top performing HP partners in NZ

Meet the top performing HP partners in NZ

HP has honoured its leading partners in New Zealand during 2018, following 12 months of growth through the local channel. Unveiled during the fourth running of the ceremony in Auckland, the awards recognise and celebrate excellence, growth, consistency and engagement of standout Kiwi partners.

Meet the top performing HP partners in NZ
Show Comments