IBM yesterday outlined plans to expand into a new line of business that may ultimately incorporate futuristic technologies, such as paint infused with nano-sized sensors, for managing energy usage in buildings and even cities.
The IBM plan calls for centralizing the management of and extending the use of sensor technologies outside the data centre. Sensor technologies are already widely used to monitor environmental conditions and to pinpoint problems in server racks and data centres.
IBM said that it now plans to partner with companies that make infrastructure systems, such as Johnson Controls Inc.
IBM and Johnson Controls agreed several years ago to work on integrating data centre technologies, and yesterday announced that the agreement has been extended to include work on improving building efficiency. Johnson Controls, based in Milwaukee, Wis., is a major designer and supplier of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning equipment and other building systems. It has 130,000 employees.
IBM detailed its general direction at the Pulse2010 service management conference here this week, where it enlisted the help of former Vice President Al Gore who compared the need for better data about environmental conditions to the mortgage credit crisis. Although mortgages were issued to people who didn't have the ability to pay them, this financial risk was hidden in securitized mortgages.
"When there are important factors that are systemically ignored, that can set us up for bad decisions," said Gore.
Although Gore often goes into detail about the climate change in these talks, to this audience of mostly IT managers he focused on the need for efficiency and the profit that a climate-saving strategy can deliver.
"Even if you don't buy into the evidence of the climate crisis," Gore said, the development of green technologies, investment in wind, solar and smart grids, offers "a chance to boost our economy."
"Efficiency is by all odds the most productive strategy," said Gore.
IBM isn't building sensors, but it sees wide adoption of sensor technology that can cover an office complex or a city like a blanket. The sensors can gather information about the health of physical systems and for instance, discover leaks in pipes by detecting changes in the environment near the pipes. Sensors in manhole covers can detect problems there as well.
And as sensor technologies improve, particularly through the use of nanotechnologies that can deliver microscopic-sized sensors, their usage will spread, company officials said.
The technology usage may also drive closer working relationships between facilities and IT managers if all the environmental systems, data centre and building, are monitored in one system, said IBM officials.
Energy use of by building is a major source of energy consumption, accounting for about 40 percent of the total emissions, according to IBM. The centralized management systems, via its Tivoli software, envisioned by the company will gather sensor data, analyse it and develop proactive alerts that warn of pending issues, or as Al Zollar, IBM's general manager for Tivoli Software said, "fix things before they break."