As July began, Google announced its intention to acquire ITA software, a maker of air travel flight information technology, continuing a blistering pace that has seen the brainchild of Larry Page and Sergey Brin purchase about 20 companies in the past 12 months. As Google steps up competition against Microsoft and Apple, it is increasingly purchasing technology and key talent from start-ups, rather than developing it in-house, says Scott Austin, the editor of Dow Jones VentureWire.
Google went more than half a year without announcing any acquisitions in late 2008 and early 2009, at a time when many other tech companies slowed spending because of global economic turmoil.
But last October, CEO Eric Schmidt announced "We're open for business, making strategic acquisitions, both large and small," and he has not gone back on his word. So far, Google is leading the M&A market in terms of the number of acquisitions, according to data from Dow Jones VentureSource.
Google has never exactly shied away from acquisitions, but it has typically acquired fewer companies than the most active tech buyers, while focusing on smaller plays – with notable exceptions such as a $3.1 billion deal with DoubleClick and a $1.65 billion deal for YouTube.
Google hasn't made any billion-dollar purchases thus far in 2010, with its $750 million purchase of AdMob completed in May topping the list.
As previously reported in Network World, in 2010 Google's purchases include BumpTop, maker of technology for giving desktops a 3D interface; social search vendor Aardvark; reMail, which makes an iPhone app for searching Gmail and IMAP e-mail accounts; Web-based photo editing vendor Picnik; the Microsoft Office add-on collaboration tool DocVerse; mobile phone application startup Plink; Agnilux, stealthy hardware startup formed by ex-Apple/PA Semi employees; and Episodic, which makes live video streaming technology that should complement YouTube.
"I think we expected them to acquire a lot of venture-backed companies, but not this many this quickly," Austin of Dow Jones VentureWire says. "They've always tried to develop things in-house. But now they're expanding into so many other areas, like mobile and even energy. They have a lot more competitors, and they need to stay acquisitive to compete."
Google has acquired eight venture-backed companies in 2010 (including the purchase of ITA Software, which hasn't been completed yet), double the amount of nearest competitor IBM, according to Dow Jones VentureSource.
The organization tracks acquisitions of venture-backed companies. While the statistics do not include purchases of non-venture-backed companies they are nonetheless indicative of broad market trends.
In 2009, Google acquired just three venture-backed companies, while Oracle led the way with five such purchases.
In the entire decade from 2000 to 2009, Cisco led the way with 48 acquisitions of venture-backed companies, followed by IBM with 35, Microsoft with 30, EMC with 25 and Oracle with 23.
Google was in ninth place for the entire decade with 17 acquisitions, impressive for a company founded only two years before the turn of the millennium.
Google acquisitions announced in 2009 include video compression vendor On2; security vendor reCAPTCHA; VoIP vendor Gizmo5; online ad vendor Teracent; and AppJet, which made a document editing tool called EtherPad.
Google has even started its own venture capital firm, investing in 10 start-ups in industries as diverse as pharmaceutical research, online payment services, gaming, utilities and data analytics.
The financial details of many of Google's acquisitions have been undisclosed, as they are so small they aren't considered material to Google's earnings. In many cases, Google buys small vendors as a way of acquiring new talent, rather than technology, Austin says. Some of these deals probably haven't even been disclosed publicly, he says.
Even if Google ends up being the top acquirer of 2010 in terms of sheer numbers of companies, it's unlikely to be the biggest spender. Oracle's purchase of Sun, completed in January 2010, was valued at $7.4 billion, many times larger than Google's largest purchase.
But Google is showing no signs of slowing. For one thing, Google is still developing its mobile advertising strategy, which could be a key part of the company's revenue over the next decade.
"I would certainly expect there to be a lot more acquisitions this year," Austin says.
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